Σύμφωνα με δημοσίευμα του Αθηναϊκού-Μακεδονικού Πρακτορείου Ειδήσεων (ΑΠΕ-ΜΠΕ) εκατοντάδες Ρώσοι μισθοφόροι, του στρατάρχη Χαλίφα Χάφταρ, έχουν απομακρυνθεί από το μέτωπο της Τρίπολης. Ο ισχυρισμός ανήκει στην Κυβέρνηση Εθνικής Ενότητας (GNA) της Λιβύης και δεν έχει επιβεβαιωθεί από άλλες πηγές. Ο ισχυρισμός έρχεται σε μια περίοδο που η μεν Τουρκία συνεχίζει να στέλνει βοήθεια στη Λιβύη και το Σάρατζ, ενώ οι δυνάμεις του Χάφταρ έχουν υποστεί ήττες.


  1. Καλό είναι να διαβαστεί τα παρακατω άρθρα μεταφρασμένο από την αρχική πηγή του άρθρου στα ρώσικα. Απαντούν σε πολλά ζητήματα.
    fake was a video distributed by the Turkish media, which allegedly shows employees of the PMC «Wagner» boarding a plane at the Beni Walid airfield to leave Libya. Very quickly, the fake became more detailed – as the next media in the chain reprinted it. And now the Russian liberal media is rejoicing in full «Russia’s defeat in Libya». In fact, it turned out that this video is two years old, and the plane belongs to the PNS.
    But what really happened was a MiG-29 attack on two naval targets: Turkish transport near the port of Tripoli and on the Turkish military frigate in the open sea on the traverse of Sirte.
    Turkish Navy warships appeared off the Libyan coast around January. Now there are two of them, and they are identified as the frigates Gabya 496 Gokova and 497 Goksu. These are old American frigates of the Oliver Hazard Perry class built in the mid-1970s (former USS Samuel Eliot Morison and USS Estocin, respectively), transferred to the Turks in 2002 and 2003. For Turkey, they were slightly upgraded for their own management system. Not the most terrible weapon available to the Turkish Navy – but Ankara seems to think that it will do for Libya.
    However, the frigate most likely dodged the missile and put up a smoke screen. Satellite images show that there is no visible damage or fire on the Turkish ship after turning 90 degrees and exiting the smoke screen. At the same time, there is no reason to say that the plane that attacked the Turkish frigate was a «warning shot». The frigate was in Libyan territorial waters. If they did not want to get into it with the purpose of sinking it, then they managed to drive it away for a while.

    A side effect of the MiG attack on sea targets was a slight panic among the oil tankers that had accumulated near Tripoli and Misrata. Some of them withdrew and went out of harm’s way to the open sea, which seriously hit the plans of the Libyan oil company (LNK), which is controlled by the NTC.

    Strategically, Haftar seeks not so much to fight for every village in the desert, but, first, to stop the supply of the enemy from Turkey, and secondly-to seriously increase the risks for the Turks. Now he dodged a rocket, but tomorrow he might not. The Turks are not as critical of losses as the Americans or Europeans, but relatively recent events in Idlib have shown that the loss of a large ship with casualties can be quite a sensitive blow. Already, Ankara is threatening haftar with terrible punishments if»at least one Turkish serviceman is injured.»

    The ownership of the MiGs has not been established. Conspiracy theories continue to multiply. In Minsk, for example, some opposition sources are convinced that the planes are Belarusian, and the pilots may also be from Minsk, but it is assumed that they may be Serbs. No evidence is provided. It is also unsubstantiated that Minsk has already done so, that is, «leased aircraft». In the UAE, for example. Official Minsk does not react to such publications in principle. There is no interest in getting involved in skirmishes and Belgrade. On the other hand, this version takes Russia out of the spotlight.

    Neither the Turks nor the tripolitans have yet provided any evidence of the planes ‘ownership or the pilots’ citizenship.

    Usually there are enough recordings of pilots ‘ conversations, but either they communicate by gestures, or the people of Saraj and the Turks are simply not ready to monitor the radio airwaves. In General, the story with the aircraft suddenly revealed that the PNS does not have any tracking tools and still can not understand where this incomplete squadron came from.

    The reference to the Khmeimim air base (allegedly MiG-29s flew from there) was sucked out of reports that some time ago new Russian planes arrived there as part of a planned rotation. But they have flight numbers and they are manually counted by at least the Americans and Israelis. They can’t just disappear. Israel in General is all studded with double-tracking radars, which are constantly ready within the framework of the «Dome» air defense system. They couldn’t even miss half the squadron. The only logical flight route in this context is really the «southern corridor»: from the UAE via Sudan and Egypt. But this is also not accurate. So the question of belonging to MiGs will be of interest to everyone for a long time.

    So far, we are dealing with a classic UFO case. Perhaps the activity of Haftar’s air force will increase as the mysterious MiGs receive technical support. But in any case, they alone are not enough to turn the course of hostilities in favor of the LNA again. But they can seriously damage the nerves of the Turks.

    Turkey’s activity is explained simply. First, Ankara has many interests in Libya. Secondly, in protecting these interests, Recep Erdogan does not experience any political constraints or moral restrictions.

    Libya has hydrocarbon reserves (tens of billions of barrels). Hydrocarbons that are not only easy to extract, but also easy to sell-right under your nose is the largest European market. And since the EU has declared the principle of diversifying supplies (in order, in their opinion, not to depend on Gazprom), North African producers – including Libya – are one of the few real alternatives to Russian gas for Europe.

    Libya is a gateway to Africa (that is, a country that can become a springboard for Turkish attempts to oust France from the Muslim countries of the Western part of the Black continent), as well as a gateway from Africa. By taking control of the space of Libya, Erdogan will be able to manage the second (after Turkey itself) direction of the migration flow to Europe. Manage – and use it to your advantage. For example, Turkey promised Malta to close the gates and prevent the influx of African migrants to the island. In response, the Maltese government blocked the allocation of money for operation IRINI (the purpose of which was to conduct sea patrols to support the UN embargo imposed on Libya – that is, in Russian, to intercept Turkish weapons sent to Saraj, because Haftar received his mainly through the Libyan-Egyptian border).
    Finally, Libya is what Turkey calls the «Mediterranean shield». Ankara signed a Memorandum with Saraj on the division of Maritime zones and continental shelves in the Eastern Mediterranean. If you look at the map based on the results of the signed Memorandum, you can see that the continental shelves, which the countries call their own, are closing, as if cutting off the Cyprus, Egypt, Israel, Lebanon and Syria from the rest of the Mediterranean.

    Thus, Erdogan not only makes out his claims to a huge chunk of the water area, but also creates the notorious «Mediterranean shield» – cuts off any projects to build an underwater pipeline (that is, bypassing Turkey) from the offshore oil and gas fields of the Eastern Mediterranean countries to Europe. It is clear that the Greeks, Cypriots, Israelis and others do not recognize this section – but Ankara is confident that they will have to respect it. Of course, if the government of Faiz Saraj, loyal to Ankara, remains in Tripoli, or any other authority that will respect the agreements on Maritime borders.

    The latter means that in order to achieve all these goals, Turkey does not need a total military victory of Saraj over Haftar’s Libyan army. It is enough for Ankara to get the consent of the members of the haftar coalition and its external sponsors to remove Haftar himself. The main obstacle, according to some experts, is to reach a compromise deal between the Libyan players (and therefore their external sponsors)
    Turkish victories in Libya are, of course, a defeat for other players. But the main loser is not Russia (no matter how much the Western media might want the opposite). First, because Moscow correctly laid eggs-supporting Haftar, it simultaneously conducted business with Saraj. Secondly, Libya is not our most important field of activity, and we can always exchange it in the framework of bargaining with Erdogan (for example, for concessions on Syria). In turn, the Turkish President himself, though grumbling about Russian-haftar Affairs, but at the same time respects the interests of Moscow. The only great power among its neighbors with which it has maintained a more or less working relationship.

    The main loser is Europe. The EU’s passivity and inability to take real steps to counter Turkey (the same IRINI mission is just a few ships and planes) make the Old World even more vulnerable to Turkish blackmail, migrant and oil and gas. It never dawned on European leaders that while they were fighting the Russian threat, a real enemy had grown up under their noses. Which truly threatens both European interests and intra-European stability.

    The question is whether the EU will be able to understand all this in time – and, most importantly, whether it will be able to get out of political suspended animation and start doing something. Because if you do not resist Turkish expansion in Libya today, then tomorrow you will have to do it in Italy or Germany.

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